COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH COMMISSION
GENERAL ASSEMBLY LOCAL MANDATE FISCAL IMPACT ESTIMATE
2006 REGULAR SESSION 2005 INTERIM
|2006 RS BR||1509||Amendment:||Committee||Floor|
|Bill #:||HB 3 GA||Amendment #|
|SUBJECT/TITLE||An Act relating to crimes and punishments|
|SPONSOR||Rep. Robert Damron|
|Unit of Government:||X||City;||X||County;||X||Urban-County|
|Office(s) Impacted:||local law enforcement, local jails|
|Powers & Duties||X||Modifies Existing||Adds New||Eliminates Existing|
HB 3 GA prohibits a registered sex offender from residing within 1,000 feet of a publicly owned playground and provides that a registered sex offender who resides within 1,000 feet of a school, playground, or day care facility will be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor for the first offense and a Class D felony for subsequent offenses. HB 3 GA creates a new section of KRS Chapter 17.500 to 17.580 which establishes the crimes of making a false statement to a law enforcement officer and harboring a noncompliant registrant.
HB 3 GA creates a new section of KRS Chapter 65 which prohibits local governments from enacting an ordinance or regulation relating to the control, management, registration, monitoring, or housing of a registered sex offender.
The measure allows a peace officer to arrest a person without a warrant as long as there is probable cause that the person is a sex offender who has failed to comply with the sex offender registry requirements. The measure requires jailers to fingerprint all persons being arrested or detained in an adult or juvenile detention facility. The measure also increases the penalty on several sex crimes defined in KRS Chapters 510, 520 and 530.
|FISCAL EXPLANATION/BILL PROVISIONS||ESTIMATED COST|
The fiscal impact of HB 3 GA on local governments is expected to be minimal. Local law enforcement may need additional training to comply with HB 3 GA. Local jailers will also be required to fingerprint all persons held in their custody. This may result in some additional administrative expenses. Local governments that currently have an ordinance or regulation relating to registered sex offenders will have to repeal such ordinances which may result in some administrative expense.
Registered sex offenders found in violation of the residence requirements in HB 3 GA will be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor for the first offense and a Class D felony for each subsequent offense. Persons found in violation of making a false statement to a law enforcement officer or harboring a noncompliant sex offender will be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor for the first offense and a Class D felony for each subsequent offense. The penalty for failing to register as a sex offender is increased from a Class D felony to a Class C felony for second or subsequent offenses. Sex abuse in the first degree is increased to a Class A felony if the victim is less than 12 years of age. KRS 510.060 relating to rape in the third degree is amended to include the use of authority to engage in sexual intercourse with a minor. Rape in the third degree is a Class D felony. KRS 510.090 relating to sodomy in the third degree is amended to include the use of authority to engage in deviate sexual intercourse. Sodomy in the third degree is Class D felony. KRS 510.120 relating to penalties for sex abuse in the first degree is increased to a Class A felony if the victim is less than 12 years of age. KRS 510.120 relating to sex abuse in the second degree is amended to include the use of authority to subject a minor to sexual contact. The measure creates a new section of KRS Chapter 519 to include the crime of tampering with a prisoner monitoring device which is a Class D felony. HB 3 GA amends KRS 530.020 relating to incest to include Class A, B and C felonies. The measure amends KRS 520.120 relating to hindering prosecution or apprehension in the first degree to include rendering assistance to another and amends KRS 530.064 relating to unlawful transactions with a minor in the first degree to include illegal controlled substance activity. HB 3 GA amends KRS 531.335 relating to possession of matter portraying a sexual performance by a minor to omit Class A and D felonies and amends KRS 532.025 to include sexual abuse in the first degree.
The additional crimes and increases in penalties for other crimes provided in HB 3 GA may result in additional jail time for persons convicted of the crimes. Local governments are responsible for the cost of incarcerating individuals who are charged with a felony until the time of conviction and final sentencing. The average length of stay prior to a conviction and final sentencing is approximately 8.7 months. In addition, Class C and D felons meeting the Kentucky Department of Corrections’ requirements for Level I custody are housed at one of 71 local jails for the duration of their sentence. The state, however, reimburses the local jail for a portion of the incarceration costs. The current rate of reimbursement is $30.51 per day.
The number of cases constituting a crime under HB 3 GA is expected to be small, therefore, the costs borne by local governments would be minimal.
|DATA SOURCE(S)||Kentucky Department of Corrections; Kentucky Jailers Association; Administrative Office of the Courts|